Periodontal Care in Portsmouth, NH
Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that is concerned with prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of your gums and supporting structures of your teeth. Gum disease is caused by a buildup of plaque. When plaque is not removed with regular brushing, flossing and dental cleanings, it will continue to build up and cause damage to your gums. Periodontal disease starts to form right below the gum line and creates small pockets that separate the gums from the teeth. Periodontal disease has two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease, when your gums become red, swollen, and bleed easily. Gingivitis is treatable and can usually be eliminated by daily brushing and flossing. Periodontitis occurs when gingivitis goes untreated and advances. Gums and supporting bones become seriously and irreversibly damaged. Periodontitis can cause tooth loss.
Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
Certain factors can increase a patient’s risk of developing periodontal disease. Some contributing factors include smoking or using chewing tobacco, Diabetes, certain steroid medications, anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, calcium channel blockers, and oral contraceptives.
Signs and symptoms of periodontitis include gums that red, swollen, tender gums that bleed easily, persistent bad breath or bad taste, pus between your teeth and gums, and loose permanent teeth.
Periodontal Disease Treatment
Gum disease and periodontitis can be prevented with regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations. By practicing good oral hygiene at home, you can significantly reduce your chances of ever getting gum disease. By brushing regularly, flossing, eating a balanced diet, and scheduling regular dental visits you can keep your mouth healthy.